The Process of Schooling

A school is an educational establishment designed to offer learning spaces and learning environments specifically for the education of students enrolled in that particular school. Most states now have systems of public elementary schooling, which can be either mandatory or optional. In such systems, children progress through a sequence of primary schools. At each primary school stage, they are taught different aspects of education such as reading, writing, mathematics, science, and culture and social development. Some states also have private schools, which are run by parents on behalf of the state.


After passing the preliminary grades in elementary school, children move on to the middle school stage, where they complete studies related to their individual needs and interests. During the elementary school stage, children learn reading and writing; mathematics; science; and social studies. They also learn life skills such as self-control, responsibility, and patience. These life skills are vital to their future, and it is important that children receive a thorough grounding in them at this stage of their education.

The next level up is called the secondary school stage, and children go through training in the various disciplines that they have studied at school, along with some liberalization of their subjects so that they can learn two-three subjects depending on their interests. During this stage, they continue to learn their primary school subjects, but they also gain knowledge about new fields emerging every day such as computers and technology, globalization, and even art and music. The last stage, called college, is obtained when young children are ready to take further studies related to their chosen fields of study. Some fields of study that children can choose from include business, medicine, engineering, and the social sciences.